Hosting a casual dinner party is an art of effortless elegance. It’s about creating a warm and inviting atmosphere where guests feel at home, and the food is the centerpiece of conversation and connection. In this guide, we’ll explore the charm of casual dinner parties and set the tone for a relaxed and memorable evening with several casual dinner party menu ideas.
The Charm of Casual Dinner Parties
Casual dinner parties are a celebration of simplicity and authenticity. Unlike formal gatherings, they allow for flexibility and creativity, both in the menu and the setting. Here’s what makes them special:
- Personal Touch: You can infuse your personality into the menu, choosing dishes that reflect your tastes and culinary interests.
- Relaxed Atmosphere: There’s no strict dress code or etiquette to follow, allowing guests to feel comfortable and enjoy themselves.
- Diverse Menus: From themed nights to seasonal delights, the options are endless. You can experiment with different cuisines or stick to classic comfort food.
Setting the Tone for a Relaxed Evening
Planning a casual dinner party doesn’t mean compromising on style or quality. Here are some key elements to consider:
|Whether it’s Mediterranean night or a summer BBQ, a theme adds excitement.
|A simple call or a creative e-invite sets the mood for a fun gathering.
|Minimalistic or themed décor adds to the ambiance without being overwhelming.
|Soft background music enhances the atmosphere without overpowering conversation.
Your Guide to a Perfect Evening
In the following sections, we’ll dive into menu ideas, cooking techniques, table settings, and much more. Whether you’re a seasoned host or planning your first dinner party, this guide will inspire you to create an evening filled with delicious food, laughter, and unforgettable memories.
Understanding Your Guests’ Preferences
When planning a casual dinner party, the key to success lies in understanding your guests’ preferences. It’s not just about showcasing your culinary skills; it’s about creating a menu that resonates with everyone at the table. Let’s explore how to navigate dietary restrictions and allergies, as well as how to balance tastes and textures to create a harmonious dining experience.
Dietary Restrictions and Allergies
In today’s diverse culinary landscape, it’s common to encounter guests with specific dietary needs. Whether it’s a vegetarian lifestyle, gluten intolerance, or a nut allergy, being mindful of these requirements is essential. Here’s how you can approach it:
- Ask in Advance: When sending out invitations, don’t hesitate to inquire about any dietary restrictions or allergies. It shows thoughtfulness and ensures everyone can enjoy the meal.
- Label the Dishes: If you’re serving a buffet or family-style meal, consider labeling the dishes with key ingredients. It helps guests make informed choices.
- Offer Alternatives: Prepare a few alternative dishes or variations to accommodate different needs. It doesn’t have to be complicated; simple swaps can make a big difference.
Balancing Tastes and Textures
Creating a menu that delights the palate is an art. It’s about finding the perfect balance between flavors, aromas, and textures. Here are some tips to guide you:
- Start with Fresh Ingredients: Quality ingredients are the foundation of great taste. Choose seasonal and locally sourced produce whenever possible.
- Mix and Match: Combine different textures like crunchy salads with creamy soups, or tender meat with crispy roasted vegetables. It adds interest and depth to the meal.
- Consider the Flow: Think about how one course leads to the next. A refreshing citrus salad can cleanse the palate after a rich and savory entrée.
|Tips for Success
|Know Your Guests
|Personal connections help in understanding preferences and creating rapport.
|Don’t be afraid to experiment with flavors and presentation.
|Keep It Relaxed
|It’s a casual affair, so keep the focus on enjoyment rather than perfection.
Understanding your guests’ preferences is more than a courteous gesture; it’s the essence of hospitality. By paying attention to dietary needs and thoughtfully balancing tastes and textures, you set the stage for an evening where everyone feels included and indulged. It’s these little details that turn a simple gathering into a memorable feast.
Seasonal Menu Ideas
Embracing the seasons in your menu planning not only adds a touch of nature’s bounty but also ensures that you’re using ingredients at their peak freshness. Let’s explore how to craft menus that celebrate the unique flavors and vibes of each season.
Spring is a time of renewal, and your menu can reflect this vibrant energy. Think light, fresh, and colorful:
- Salads: Asparagus, pea, and radish salads with lemon vinaigrette
- Entrées: Herb-roasted chicken or grilled fish with spring vegetables
- Desserts: Strawberry shortcake or lemon sorbet
Summer calls for outdoor gatherings and the smoky flavors of the grill. Here’s a menu that captures the essence of a sun-kissed day:
- Starters: Grilled corn on the cob or watermelon feta salad
- Main Course: BBQ ribs, grilled shrimp, or veggie burgers
- Cooling Treats: Homemade ice cream or fresh fruit popsicles
As the leaves turn golden, our cravings shift towards warm and comforting dishes. Here’s how to create a cozy autumn feast:
- Soups: Pumpkin or butternut squash soup with crusty bread
- Hearty Mains: Slow-cooked beef stew or baked lasagna
- Desserts: Apple crisp or pecan pie with whipped cream
Winter is a time for gathering around the table and enjoying hearty, soul-warming meals. Consider these options:
- Appetizers: Baked brie with cranberry sauce or stuffed mushrooms
- Mains: Roast turkey or glazed ham with winter vegetables
- Indulgent Desserts: Chocolate fondue or warm bread pudding
|Asparagus, peas, radishes
|Garden Party, Easter Brunch
|Corn, watermelon, berries
|Beach BBQ, Picnic
|Pumpkin, apples, squash
|Harvest Dinner, Halloween
|Turkey, cranberries, nuts
|Christmas Feast, New Year
Seasonal menu planning is like painting with nature’s palette. It allows you to create dishes that resonate with the weather outside and the mood within. Whether it’s the freshness of spring, the joy of summer grilling, the comfort of autumn, or the warmth of winter, each season offers a unique culinary canvas. By tuning into these natural rhythms, you can craft menus that are not only delicious but also deeply connected to the time and place of your gathering.
Themed Dinner Parties
Themed dinner parties are a delightful way to transport your guests to different culinary landscapes without leaving the comfort of your home. They add an element of excitement and novelty to the gathering, turning an ordinary meal into an extraordinary experience. Let’s explore some popular themes that can spice up your next dinner party.
Imagine the sun-kissed shores of the Mediterranean as you plan a menu filled with olive oil, fresh herbs, and vibrant flavors:
- Starters: Greek salad, hummus, and pita bread
- Mains: Grilled lamb chops, seafood paella, or stuffed bell peppers
- Desserts: Baklava or panna cotta with honey
Take your guests on a culinary journey through Asia with a fusion menu that blends flavors from different countries:
- Appetizers: Sushi rolls, spring rolls, or Thai coconut soup
- Entrées: Korean BBQ ribs, stir-fried noodles, or Indian curry
- Sweet Treats: Mango sticky rice or green tea ice cream
Classic American BBQ
Nothing says summer like a classic American BBQ. Here’s how to create a laid-back feast:
- Grill Favorites: Burgers, hot dogs, and grilled corn
- Sides: Coleslaw, baked beans, and potato salad
- Desserts: Apple pie or s’mores by the firepit
A vegan feast is a celebration of plant-based goodness. It’s a chance to showcase the diversity and creativity of vegan cuisine:
- Salads: Quinoa salad with roasted vegetables or avocado toast
- Main Dishes: Lentil loaf, stuffed acorn squash, or vegan lasagna
- Desserts: Vegan chocolate cake or berry sorbet
|Sushi, Stir-fried Noodles
|Modern Dining Room
|Classic American BBQ
|Burgers, Grilled Corn
|Lentil Loaf, Vegan Lasagna
Themed dinner parties are about more than food; they’re about storytelling and connection. Whether it’s the romance of the Mediterranean, the adventure of Asian fusion, the nostalgia of a classic BBQ, or the innovation of a vegan feast, each theme offers a unique flavor and ambiance. By embracing these themes, you’re not just serving a meal; you’re creating memories, laughter, and a shared experience that lingers long after the last bite.
Appetizers and Starters
The first bite sets the tone for the entire meal, and that’s why appetizers and starters hold a special place in any dinner party menu. They’re the opening act, the teaser that whets the appetite and builds anticipation for what’s to come. Let’s explore the art of crafting appetizers that not only taste divine but also pair beautifully with drinks.
Cold appetizers are refreshing and often easy to prepare ahead of time. They can be elegant or rustic, depending on the theme of your party:
- Seafood Delights: Shrimp cocktail, ceviche, or smoked salmon on cucumber rounds
- Vegetarian Bites: Caprese skewers, stuffed cherry tomatoes, or guacamole cups
- Cheese Platters: A selection of cheeses, nuts, fruits, and crackers
Hot appetizers bring warmth and comfort, tantalizing the senses with rich flavors and aromas:
- Meat Lovers: Mini meatballs, bacon-wrapped dates, or chicken wings
- Vegetable Creations: Stuffed mushrooms, spinach artichoke dip, or roasted brussels sprouts
- Seafood Options: Crab cakes, clams casino, or grilled scallops
Pairing with Drinks
The right drink can elevate an appetizer from delicious to unforgettable. Here’s how to create perfect pairings:
- Wine: Light appetizers like seafood or vegetables pair well with white wine or rosé, while richer meat-based starters complement red wine.
- Cocktails: Consider the flavors of the appetizers when crafting cocktails. A citrusy mojito pairs beautifully with ceviche, while a smoky Old Fashioned complements bacon-wrapped dates.
- Non-Alcoholic Options: Sparkling water with a splash of fruit juice, herbal teas, or mocktails can offer delightful pairings for those who prefer non-alcoholic beverages.
|White Wine, Rosé
|Serve on chilled plates
|Red Wine, Craft Beers
|Keep warm in chafing dishes
|Offer a variety of drinks
Appetizers and starters are more than mere preludes to a meal; they’re an opportunity to set the mood, engage the palate, and create a sense of occasion. Whether you opt for cold refreshments or hot indulgences, the key is to balance flavors, textures, and pairings. With thoughtful planning and a touch of creativity, you can turn the humble appetizer into a star attraction, leaving your guests eagerly awaiting the next course.
The main course is the heart of any dinner party, the dish around which everything else revolves. It’s where you can truly showcase your culinary prowess and treat your guests to a memorable feast. From meat lovers’ delights to seafood specialties and vegetarian and vegan choices, let’s explore the endless possibilities that can grace your dinner table.
Meat Lovers’ Delights
For those who savor the rich and robust flavors of meat, here are some ideas that will surely impress:
- Steaks: Grilled to perfection, served with garlic butter or a red wine reduction
- Roasts: Succulent pork roast, prime rib, or herb-crusted lamb
- Comfort Classics: Meatloaf, fried chicken, or beef bourguignon
Seafood offers a delicate and sophisticated option for the main course. Consider these tantalizing dishes:
- Fish: Grilled salmon, baked cod, or pan-seared tuna with a citrus glaze
- Shellfish: Lobster tails, shrimp scampi, or mussels in white wine sauce
- Combination Platters: Seafood paella or a mixed grill with fish, shrimp, and scallops
Vegetarian and Vegan Choices
Embracing plant-based options doesn’t mean sacrificing flavor or satisfaction. Here’s how to create delectable vegetarian and vegan mains:
- Stuffed Vegetables: Bell peppers, tomatoes, or zucchini boats filled with grains and herbs
- Pasta Delights: Creamy mushroom fettuccine, vegan pesto pasta, or lasagna with ricotta
- Hearty Options: Lentil shepherd’s pie, chickpea curry, or grilled portobello steaks
|Main Course Type
|Bold Reds, Cabernet
|Garnish with fresh herbs
|Crisp Whites, Chardonnay
|Serve with lemon wedges
|Light Reds, Pinot Noir
|Add colorful vegetables
The main course is where culinary dreams come to life. It’s a chance to indulge your guests in flavors that resonate with their tastes and preferences. Whether it’s the indulgence of a perfectly cooked steak, the elegance of a seafood platter, or the creativity of a plant-based feast, the options are as diverse as they are delicious. The key is to choose dishes that reflect the theme of your party, the season, and most importantly, the joy of sharing good food with good friends.
Side dishes are the unsung heroes of a dinner party. They complement the main course, add color and texture to the plate, and often provide a delightful surprise to the palate. From refreshing salads and vegetables to comforting grains and pastas, side dishes offer a playground for creativity and flavor. Let’s explore some ideas that can elevate your menu and leave your guests asking for seconds.
Salads and Vegetables
Fresh and vibrant, salads and vegetables bring a touch of nature to the table. Here’s how to make them shine:
- Seasonal Salads: Spring greens with strawberries, summer tomato salad, or roasted beet and goat cheese salad
- Roasted Vegetables: Herb-roasted carrots, garlic green beans, or balsamic Brussels sprouts
- Creative Combinations: Grilled asparagus with lemon zest, stuffed artichokes, or cauliflower steaks
Grains and Pastas
Grains and pastas provide substance and comfort, adding a satisfying dimension to the meal:
- Rice Dishes: Wild rice pilaf, saffron risotto, or coconut jasmine rice
- Pasta Creations: Orzo with roasted vegetables, penne with pesto, or macaroni and cheese
- Wholesome Grains: Quinoa salad with roasted vegetables, barley risotto, or bulgur wheat tabbouleh
|Side Dish Type
|Light Mains, Seafood
|Serve in colorful bowls
|Rich Meats, Stews
|Garnish with fresh herbs
Side dishes may play a supporting role, but they have the power to transform a meal from ordinary to extraordinary. They add layers of flavor, texture, and visual appeal, enhancing the overall dining experience. Whether it’s the crisp freshness of a seasonal salad, the earthy goodness of roasted vegetables, or the comforting embrace of a pasta dish, side dishes are where you can truly let your creativity soar. They’re an invitation to play with ingredients, experiment with flavors, and craft dishes that resonate with the heart and soul of your gathering.
The grand finale of any dinner party is the dessert. It’s the sweet ending that leaves a lasting impression, a culinary encore that delights the senses and warms the heart. From decadent cakes to refreshing sorbets, desserts are a celebration of joy and indulgence. Let’s explore some delicious options and how to pair them with coffee and tea for a perfect conclusion to your meal.
Desserts are the symphony of flavors that bring a meal to a close. Here are some ideas to satisfy every sweet tooth:
- Cakes and Pastries: Chocolate lava cake, tiramisu, or fruit tarts
- Frozen Treats: Ice cream sundaes, sorbets, or homemade gelato
- Traditional Favorites: Bread pudding, apple pie, or crème brûlée
Coffee and Tea Pairings
The right coffee or tea can elevate a dessert into a sublime experience. Here’s how to create harmonious pairings:
- Rich Desserts: Pair chocolate or creamy desserts with a bold espresso or dark roast coffee
- Fruit-Based Treats: Serve fruit tarts or sorbets with a light and fragrant tea like jasmine or green tea
- Spiced Desserts: Chai tea or spiced coffee complements desserts with cinnamon, nutmeg, or ginger
|Rich and Creamy
|Espresso, Dark Roast
|Serve with whipped cream
|Fruity and Light
|Jasmine Tea, Green Tea
|Garnish with fresh fruit
|Spiced and Warm
|Chai Tea, Spiced Coffee
|Add a sprinkle of spice
Desserts are more than just a sweet treat; they’re the poetic ending to a culinary journey. They offer a moment of indulgence, a chance to savor the flavors and the company, and a way to end the meal on a high note. Whether it’s the richness of a chocolate cake, the freshness of a fruit sorbet, or the comfort of a traditional favorite, desserts are a celebration of all that’s sweet in life. Paired with the perfect coffee or tea, they become an experience to be savored, a memory to be cherished, and a fitting finale to a wonderful evening.
A well-chosen beverage can transform a meal, elevating flavors and enhancing the overall dining experience. Whether it’s the sophistication of a fine wine, the creativity of a crafted cocktail, or the refreshing taste of a non-alcoholic option, beverage pairings play a vital role in a successful dinner party. Let’s explore the art of pairing beverages with your menu, ensuring that every sip is a celebration.
Wines and Cocktails
Wines and cocktails add a touch of elegance and excitement to any gathering. Here’s how to create perfect pairings:
- White Wines: Ideal for seafood, salads, and light appetizers. Think Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, or Pinot Grigio.
- Red Wines: Best with red meats, roasts, and hearty pastas. Consider Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, or Pinot Noir.
- Cocktails: Craft cocktails that complement the flavors of your dishes. A citrusy Margarita for Mexican night, a classic Martini for a formal affair, or a Mojito for a tropical theme.
Non-alcoholic beverages can be just as delightful and sophisticated. Here are some refreshing ideas:
- Mocktails: Create non-alcoholic versions of popular cocktails, like a Virgin Mojito or a Shirley Temple.
- Herbal Teas: Offer a selection of herbal teas, such as chamomile, peppermint, or rooibos, for a calming touch.
- Sparkling Waters: Infuse sparkling water with fresh fruits, herbs, or cucumber for a refreshing and elegant drink.
|Red Meats, Roasts
|Allow to breathe
|Garnish with flair
Beverage pairings are an essential aspect of hosting a dinner party, adding depth, character, and joy to the culinary experience. Whether it’s the romance of a fine wine, the creativity of a signature cocktail, or the inclusivity of a non-alcoholic option, the right beverage can turn a meal into a masterpiece. It’s about understanding your guests, your menu, and the ambiance you want to create, and then selecting beverages that resonate with the occasion. It’s a dance of flavors, a symphony of tastes, and a toast to the art of hospitality.
Cooking Techniques and Tips
Hosting a dinner party is a delightful yet demanding task, and the success often lies in the details. From time-saving hacks that allow you to enjoy the party to presentation ideas that add a touch of elegance, mastering certain cooking techniques can make all the difference. Let’s explore some practical tips and creative ideas that can turn you into the host with the most.
Time is of the essence when planning a dinner party, and these hacks can help you stay ahead:
- Prep Ahead: Chop vegetables, marinate meats, and prepare sauces a day in advance.
- Use Multipurpose Tools: Invest in kitchen gadgets that can perform multiple tasks, like a food processor.
- One-Pot Wonders: Create dishes that can be cooked in one pot or pan to minimize cleanup.
- Semi-Homemade: Elevate store-bought items with personal touches, like adding fresh herbs to a store-bought dip.
The way you present your dishes can turn a meal into a feast for the eyes. Here’s how to impress your guests:
- Plating Techniques: Use a squeeze bottle for sauces, create height with stacked ingredients, or use fresh herbs for garnish.
- Serve in Style: Invest in beautiful serving platters, unique utensils, or themed dinnerware that matches the occasion.
- Creative Touches: Add edible flowers to salads, carve fruits into decorative shapes, or use parchment paper for a rustic look.
- Buffet Elegance: If serving buffet-style, use varying heights for dishes, label items, and ensure a smooth flow for guests to serve themselves.
|Efficiency, Less Stress
|Aesthetic Appeal, Wow Factor
Cooking for a dinner party is both an art and a science. It’s about balancing flavors and textures, timing and technique, creativity and practicality. Time-saving hacks allow you to be present and enjoy the party, while thoughtful presentation turns ordinary dishes into extraordinary experiences. It’s the little touches, the thoughtful details, and the love you pour into each dish that make a dinner party truly special. Embrace these techniques and tips, and you’ll not only impress your guests but also create a joyful and memorable gathering.
Setting the Table
The table is the stage upon which the culinary performance unfolds. It’s where guests gather, stories are shared, and memories are made. Setting the table is not just about placing utensils and dishes; it’s about creating an ambiance that reflects the theme and spirit of the occasion. Whether you’re aiming for casual elegance or embracing themed decorations, the way you set the table can set the tone for the entire evening. Let’s explore how to create a table setting that resonates with your dinner party’s vibe.
Casual elegance is about effortless sophistication. It’s relaxed yet refined, inviting yet impressive. Here’s how to achieve it:
- Mix and Match: Combine different textures and materials, like wooden chargers with delicate china.
- Fresh Flowers: Use seasonal flowers in simple vases for a natural and understated elegance.
- Soft Lighting: Candles or fairy lights create a warm and welcoming glow.
- Personal Touches: Handwritten place cards or a small favor at each place setting add a thoughtful touch.
If your dinner party has a specific theme, the table setting can bring that theme to life. Here are some ideas:
- Mediterranean Night: Use olive branches, terracotta dishes, and blue and white linens.
- Asian Fusion: Incorporate bamboo placemats, chopsticks, and orchids for an oriental touch.
- Classic American BBQ: Gingham tablecloths, mason jars, and rustic wooden platters set the scene.
- Vegan Feast: Embrace natural materials, greenery, and earth-toned ceramics for an eco-friendly vibe.
|Table Setting Style
|Mixed Materials, Flowers
Setting the table is an art form that goes beyond mere functionality. It’s about creating a space that welcomes guests, tells a story, and enhances the culinary experience. Whether it’s the understated beauty of casual elegance or the immersive joy of themed decorations, the table setting is a reflection of the host’s creativity, thoughtfulness, and attention to detail. It’s a canvas upon which the evening’s memories are painted, a stage where the magic of hospitality unfolds, and a celebration of the shared joy of good food and good company.
Frequently Asked Questions
In the world of dinner party planning, questions and concerns are natural. From menu choices to table settings, there’s a lot to consider. As a professional party planner, I’ve gathered some of the most frequently asked questions to address common concerns and queries. These insights will help you navigate the delightful yet demanding task of hosting a dinner party with confidence and flair.
How do I accommodate guests with dietary restrictions?
Communicate with your guests ahead of time to understand their needs. Offer a variety of dishes that cater to different preferences, and clearly label items that are gluten-free, vegan, or contain common allergens.
What’s the ideal number of courses for a dinner party?
The number of courses depends on the formality and theme of the party. A casual gathering might include 3-4 courses, while a more formal affair could have 5-7. Balance the menu to include appetizers, mains, sides, and desserts.
How can I create a beautiful table setting without breaking the bank?
Embrace creativity! Use seasonal flowers, mix and match existing dinnerware, or create DIY decorations that align with the theme. Simplicity and personal touches often create the most elegant settings.
Consider the flavors and weight of the dishes. Lighter foods pair well with white wines, while richer dishes complement red wines. Don’t hesitate to consult with a local wine expert or do some research online.
Can I prepare dishes ahead of time?
Absolutely! Many dishes can be prepared or partially cooked in advance. Plan your menu with make-ahead options to reduce stress on the day of the party.
How do I keep the party flowing smoothly?
Plan the evening’s timeline, from welcome drinks to dessert. Have activities or conversation starters ready, and be present with your guests. Your relaxed and joyful attitude sets the tone for the evening.
|Communicate & Label
|Number of Courses?
|Consider Theme & Formality
|Affordable Table Setting?
|Embrace Creativity & Simplicity
|Match Flavors & Consult Experts
|Plan & Choose Make-Ahead Options
|Smooth Party Flow?
|Plan Timeline & Be Present
Hosting a dinner party is a joyful journey filled with creativity, connection, and culinary delights. While questions and concerns are natural, they’re also opportunities to learn, grow, and create an event that reflects your unique style and vision. These frequently asked questions offer practical insights and thoughtful guidance, empowering you to host with confidence and grace. It’s about embracing the process, celebrating the details, and creating a gathering that resonates with warmth, hospitality, and the shared joy of good food and good company.
Hosting a dinner party is more than a culinary endeavor; it’s a celebration of connection, creativity, and community. It’s an opportunity to gather around a table, share stories, and create memories that linger long after the last bite. From the joy of crafting a menu to the art of setting the table, every detail is a reflection of the host’s personality and passion.
Embrace the process with an open heart and a creative mind. Allow yourself to experiment with flavors, play with themes, and infuse your gathering with personal touches that resonate with your style. Whether it’s a casual BBQ or an elegant soirée, your dinner party is a canvas upon which you paint with love, laughter, and culinary flair.
Remember, perfection is not the goal; enjoyment is. It’s about the smiles, the toasts, the shared moments that turn a meal into a memory. It’s about encouraging creativity, fostering connection, and enjoying the journey of hosting. So raise a glass to the joy of entertaining, to the friends and family who gather, and to the delightful dance of flavors, textures, and tastes that make a dinner party truly special.
- Appetizers: Small dishes served before the main course to stimulate the appetite.
- Casual Elegance: A relaxed yet refined style of presentation and ambiance.
- Dietary Restrictions: Specific dietary needs or limitations, such as gluten-free or vegan.
- LSI (Latent Semantic Indexing): A method used in SEO to identify patterns in relationships between terms and concepts.
- Main Courses: The primary dishes in a meal, often including meat, seafood, or vegetarian options.
- Pairing: The act of matching food with complementary drinks, such as wine or cocktails.
- Plating Techniques: The art of arranging food on a plate in an aesthetically pleasing way.
- Seasonal Menu: A menu that focuses on ingredients that are in season during a specific time of year.
- Themed Decorations: Decorations that align with a specific theme or concept for the party.
- Time-Saving Hacks: Techniques or shortcuts that save time in preparation or cooking.
- Vegan: A dietary choice that excludes all animal products, including meat, dairy, and eggs.